"Brains in entrance": high skilled migrants in Italy
|Directeur /trice||prof. Sandro Cattacin|
|Co-directeur(s) /trice(s)||prof.ssa Marina Marengo|
|Résumé de la thèse||
The migration of highly qualified people to Italy has gained great importance in recent years.
Historically, there has been skilled mobility between countries with strong political relations (for example Commonwealth nations or the ancient socialist countries), but nowadays, with the effects of the global crisis, the phenomenon has involved the entire world.
From the middle of 1970s until the 2000s, the number of qualified migrants is quadrupled, according to databases of European international organizations or individual states.
In my thesis, I will deal with internationally mobile people arrived in Italy for a job or living without recognition of their skills. The field of investigation will be extended to a group of foreign citizens with professional qualifications (secondary diploma, bachelor's degree,etc). From a first analysis of the scientific and grey literature I was able to define a basic typology of high skilled migrants:
- Young qualified mobile people from the Global South
- International student mobility.
- Highly qualified migration from European and extra-European countries.
- Migration where some of the migrants - legal or illegal - asylum seekers or refugees have a high level of education.
I will focus on qualified migration from South America and non-EU Eastern European countries, because they constitute the most active and organized communities in Italy, with the aim of identifying the structural and subjective characteristics. This analysis will allow to understand the role that high skilled migrants play in the labour market and how their training levels can be spent to facilitate their economic inclusion.
The quantitative surveys will focus on the construction of economic-demographic databases about high skilled migrants in Italy, using data available both from official and accredited sources (the Ministry of the Interior, the Prefectures, etc.). The methodologies that will be used in the research will be the following:
- Methodologies for quantitative demographic/economic analysis.
-Methodologies for analysing recursiveness in the questionnaires.
Qualitative work will focus on the use of survey techniques (in addition to the logbook, which will cover all research):
- The semi-structured interview or the life story (according to the characteristics of the identified population) that will allow to define the characteristics of the individual migratory paths.
- The group interview that will be used both within families and groups of foreigners identified in the first phase of the research.
- Shadowing, which will make it possible to identify the daily paths of migrants by supporting them in their activities and movements.
- Participant observation and logbook will define new standard protocols for the field of research in Geography and Social Sciences.
The research will propose an original contribution to the scientific work on high skilled migrants mobility (new conceptual categorizations, new quanti/qualitative survey protocols, etc.). At the end of the project, a framework and an original database on a national basis related to the phenomenon will be delivered. The results can be disseminated to public and private agencies interested in migratory movements, as well as to other researchers working on this specific topic.
|Délai administratif de soutenance de thèse|